Building Capacity in Long-Term Care: Supporting Homes to Provide Intravenous Therapy

Alexandra Papaioannou, Afeez Abiola Hazzan, George Ioannidis, Denis O'Donnell, Daphne Broadhurst, Hrishikesh Navare, Loretta M. Hillier, Diane Simpson, Mark Loeb

Abstract


Background

Typically, long-term care home (LTCH) residents are transferred to hospital to access intravenous (IV) therapy. The aim of this study was to pilot-test an in-home IV therapy service, and to de-scribe outcomes and key informants’ perceptions of this service.


Method

This service was pilot-tested in four LTCH in the Hamilton-Niagara region, Ontario. Interviews were conducted with six caregivers of residents who received IV therapy and ten key informants representing LTC home staff and service partners to assess their perceptions of the service. A chart review was conducted to describe the resident population served and service implementation.

Results

Twelve residents received IV therapy. This service potentially avoided nine emergency department visits and reduced hospital lengths of stay for three residents whose IV therapy was initi-ated in hospital. There were no adverse events. The service was well received by caregivers and key informants, as it provided care in a familiar environment and was perceived to be lessstressful and better quality care than when provided in hospital. 

Conclusion

IV therapy is feasible to implement in LTCHs, particularly when there are supportive resources available and clinical pathways to support decision-making. This service has the potential to increase capacity in LTCHs to provide medical care.


Keywords


long-term care; intravenous therapy; education

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5770/cgj.21.327

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ISSN: 1925-8348 (Online)