Assessment of a Cognitive-Motor Training Program in Adults at Risk for Developing Dementia

Keywords: movement, sensorimotor integration, training, dementia risk, cognition, coordination

Abstract

Background

With the prevalence of dementia increasing each year, pre-clinically implemented therapeutic interventions are needed. It has been suggested that cascading neural network failures may bring on behavioural deficits associated with Alzheimer’s disease.

Methods

Previously we have shown that cognitive-motor integration (CMI) training in adults with cognitive impairments generalized to improved global cognitive and activities of daily living scores. Here we employ a novel movement control–based training approach involving CMI rather than traditional cognition-only brain training. We hypothesized that such training would stimulate widespread neural networks and enhance rule-based visuomotor ability in at-risk individuals.

Results

We observed a significant improvement in bimanual coordination in the at-risk training group. We also observed significant decreases in movement variability for the most complex CMI condition in the at-risk and healthy training groups.

Conclusions

These data suggest that integrating cognition into action in a training intervention may be effective at strengthening vulnerable brain networks in asymptomatic adults at risk for developing dementia.

Author Biographies

Holly V. Echlin, York University

School of Kinesiology and Health Science, Faculty of Health

Diana J. Gorbet, York University

School of Kinesiology and Health Science, Faculty of Health

Lauren E. Sergio, York University

School of Kinesiology and Health Science

Published
2020-03-05
How to Cite
Echlin, H. V., Gorbet, D. J., & Sergio, L. E. (2020). Assessment of a Cognitive-Motor Training Program in Adults at Risk for Developing Dementia. Canadian Geriatrics Journal, 23(2), 190-198. https://doi.org/10.5770/cgj.23.394
Section
Original Research