The Impact of Geriatric Emergency Management Nurses on the Care of Frail Older Patients in the Emergency Department: a Systematic Review

  • Hannah Leaker University of Calgary
  • Jayna Marie Holroyd-Leduc University of Calgary
Keywords: geriatrics, geriatric emergency management nurses, emergency department

Abstract

Background

Frail older adults are high users of emergency departments (EDs). Many Canadian EDs have hired Geriatric Emergency Management (GEM) nurses in an effort to improve care to older adults.

Methods

We conducted a systematic review to determine the impact of GEM nurses on care provided to frail older adults. We searched MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, and Cochrane data­bases. A grey literature search was also conducted. Inclusion criteria were English-language, evaluation of GEM nurse or geriatric-trained nurse assessments of older adults (age ≥ 65 years) within the ED, and reported clinical and/or health sys­tem outcomes. The PRISMA statement was followed, and article quality was assessed using GRADE.

Results

5,115 citations and 191 full text articles were screened; 8 arti­cles from 7 different studies were included. Study quality var­ied between very low to high. Five included studies analyzed the effect of GEM nurses on ED revisits, with most finding they decreased revisits. Four included studies analyzed the effect of GEM nurses on hospital admissions/readmissions, demonstrating variable impact. One study looked at the cost-effectiveness and found the cost to be negligible. The impact on patient-specific outcomes was less clear.

Conclusions

GEM nurses may be an effective option to help in the manage­ment of frail older adults in the ED.

Author Biographies

Hannah Leaker, University of Calgary

Faculty of Nursing

Jayna Marie Holroyd-Leduc, University of Calgary

Department of Medicine and Community Health Sciences, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary

Published
2020-09-01
How to Cite
Leaker, H., & Holroyd-Leduc, J. M. (2020). The Impact of Geriatric Emergency Management Nurses on the Care of Frail Older Patients in the Emergency Department: a Systematic Review. Canadian Geriatrics Journal, 23(3), 230-236. https://doi.org/10.5770/cgj.23.408
Section
Systematic Reviews/Meta-analysis