Factors Associated With Patient Engagement in Shared Decision-Making for Stroke Prevention Among Older Adults with Atrial Fibrillation

  • Jordy Mehawej University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Jane Saczysnki Northeastern University
  • Hawa O. Abu University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Marc Gagnier
  • Benita Bamgbade
  • Darleen Lessard
  • Katherine Trymbulak
  • Connor Saliba
  • Catarina Kiefe
  • Robert Goldberg
  • David McManus
Keywords: Atrial fibrillation, Patient Engagement, shared decision-making, stroke, anticoagulation

Abstract

Objective

To examine the extent of, and factors associated with, patient engagement in shared decision-making (SDM) for stroke prevention among patients with atrial fibrillation (AF).

Methods

We used data from the Systematic Assessment of Geriatric Elements-Atrial Fibrillation study which includes older ( ≥65 years) patients with AF and a CHA2DS2-VASc≥2. Partici­pants reported engagement in SDM by answering whether they actively participated in choosing to take an oral antico­agulant (OAC) for their condition. Multiple logistic regression was used to assess associations between sociodemographic, clinical, geriatric, and psychosocial factors and patient en­gagement in SDM.

Results

A total of 807 participants (mean age 75 years; 48% female) on an OAC were studied. Of these, 61% engaged in SDM. Older participants (≥80 years) and those cognitively impaired were less likely to engage in SDM, while those very know­ledgeable of their AF associated stroke risk were more likely to do so than respective comparison groups.

Conclusions

A considerable proportion of older adults with AF did not engage in SDM for stroke prevention with older patients and those cognitively impaired less likely to do so. Clinicians should identify patients who are less likely to engage in SDM, promote patient engagement, and foster better patient-provider communication which may enhance long- term patient outcomes.

Author Biographies

Jordy Mehawej, University of Massachusetts Medical School

Department of Medicine

Jane Saczysnki, Northeastern University

Department of Pharmacy and Health Systems Sciences

Hawa O. Abu, University of Massachusetts Medical School

Department of Medicine

Published
2021-07-13
How to Cite
Mehawej, J., Saczysnki, J., Abu, H. O., Gagnier, M., Bamgbade, B., Lessard, D., Trymbulak, K., Saliba, C., Kiefe, C., Goldberg, R., & McManus, D. (2021). Factors Associated With Patient Engagement in Shared Decision-Making for Stroke Prevention Among Older Adults with Atrial Fibrillation. Canadian Geriatrics Journal, 24(3), 174-183. https://doi.org/10.5770/cgj.24.475
Section
Original Research