Respiratory Function and Muscle Strength Vs. Past Work Type: a Cross-Sectional Study Among Retirees
Keywords:retirement, occupation, handgrip strength, spirometry
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess the effects of past occupational activity on muscle strength and respiratory function among retirees.
A total of 205 community-dwelling older adults participated in the study. Age (≥60 years) and cessation of professional activity (retirement) constituted the inclusion criteria. The International Standardized Classification of Occupations (ISCO-08) was used to stratify the participants into white-or blue-collar groups. Forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume (FEV) in the first second, inspiratory vital capacity (IVC) parameters, and hand grip strength were tested.
Statistically significant differences in IVC and FVC scores were found in white- and blue-collar workers after adjusting for sex and age (ANCOVA). White-collar men had significantly higher IVC as compared to blue-collar men.
Blue-collar male workers may be prone to deteriorating respiratory function in older age. It is vital to promote physical activity and educate blue-collar workers about the need to use respiratory protective equipment.
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LicenseCopyright (c) 2021 Tomasz Trzmiel
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