Respiratory Function and Muscle Strength Vs. Past Work Type: a Cross-Sectional Study Among Retirees

Authors

  • Tomasz Trzmiel Poznan University of Medical Sciences
  • Anna Pieczyńska Poznan University of Medical Sciences
  • Ewa Zasadzka Poznan University of Medical Sciences
  • Mariola Pawlaczyk Poznan University of Medical Sciences

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5770/cgj.24.501

Keywords:

retirement, occupation, handgrip strength, spirometry

Abstract

Objectives 

The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess the effects of past occupational activity on muscle strength and respiratory function among retirees. 

Methods 

A total of 205 community-dwelling older adults participated in the study. Age (≥60 years) and cessation of professional activity (retirement) constituted the inclusion criteria. The International Standardized Classification of Occupations (ISCO-08) was used to stratify the participants into white-or blue-collar groups. Forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume (FEV) in the first second, inspiratory vital capacity (IVC) parameters, and hand grip strength were tested. 

Results 

Statistically significant differences in IVC and FVC scores were found in white- and blue-collar workers after adjusting for sex and age (ANCOVA). White-collar men had significantly higher IVC as compared to blue-collar men. 

Conclusions 

Blue-collar male workers may be prone to deteriorating respiratory function in older age. It is vital to promote physical activity and educate blue-collar workers about the need to use respiratory protective equipment. 

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Published

2021-12-01

How to Cite

1.
Trzmiel T, Pieczyńska A, Zasadzka E, Pawlaczyk M. Respiratory Function and Muscle Strength Vs. Past Work Type: a Cross-Sectional Study Among Retirees. Can Geriatr J [Internet]. 2021 Dec. 1 [cited 2022 Jan. 26];24(4):297-303. Available from: https://cgjonline.ca/index.php/cgj/article/view/501

Issue

Section

Original Research