Potential Factors Influencing Adoption of a Primary Care Pathway to Prevent Functional Decline in Older Adults
Keywords:frailty, shared decision-making, screening, integrated care, home- and community-based care and services, autonomy and self-efficacy, person-centered care, preventive care
To help recognize and care for community-dwelling older adults living with frailty, we plan to implement a primary care pathway consisting of frailty screening, shared decision-making to select a preventive intervention, and facilitated referral to community-based services. In this study, we examined the potential factors influencing adoption of this pathway.
In this qualitative, descriptive study, we conducted semi-structured interviews and focus groups with patients aged 70 years and older, health professionals (HPs), and managers from four primary care practices in the province of Quebec, representatives of community-based services and geriatric clinics located near the practices. Two researchers conducted an inductive/deductive thematic analysis, by first drawing on the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research and then adding emergent subthemes.
We recruited 28 patients, 29 HPs, and 8 managers from four primary care practices, 16 representatives from community-based services, and 10 representatives from geriatric clinics. Participants identified several factors that could influence adoption of the pathway: the availability of electronic and printed versions of the decision aids; the complexity of including a screening form in the electronic health record; public policies that limit the capacity of community-based services; HPs’ positive attitudes toward shared decision-making and their work overload; and lack of funding.
These findings will inform the implementation of the care pathway, so that it meets the needs of key stakeholders and can be scaled up.
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